近日，自治区棉花专家、我校农学院副院长陈全家教授就中国和巴基斯坦在棉花领域的合作、两国的棉花种植技术等内容，特邀接受了中国经济网媒体记者采访。4月7日，中国经济网刊发《Cottonseeds in Pakistan and Xinjiang can be complementary》《巴基斯坦棉籽与新疆棉籽可互补发展》。
Xinjiang, Apr 7th （Gwadar Pro） - The average unit yield of cotton in Xinjiang is among the highest in the world. The color, length and strength of cotton fiber are excellent. Pakistan is a big agricultural country with plenty of cotton fields. The cooperation potential of China and Pakistan in the cotton field is particularly large. ”said Chen Quanjia, deputy dean of Agricultural College, Xinjiang Agricultural University（XJAU） in China. XJAU has started cotton cooperation with University of Agriculture, Faisalabad since 2017.
Dr. Irfan Afzal is a seed expert from Faisalabad Agriculture University, who is working on cottonseed quality maintenance during production and harvesting.“Pakistan is struggling for the availability of good quality seeds in the market. Last year, we had to lower down the certification standards for the cottonseed quality.”
According to Dr. Irfan, the germination potential of Pakistan cottonseed variety is less than 50 %, which is much less comparing with other countries. “Normally we have a standard of up to 75 % germination. It's because of lacking in breeding programs.He explained.
Chen Quanjia believes that the germplasm resources of China and Pakistan are complementary. “The heat resistance of Pakistani cotton is very good. For example, 40-degree-temperature that lasts more than a week will harm the long-staple cotton in Xinjiang. But Pakistan cotton can still thrive under that condition. This kind of heat-resistant seeds are very valuable for our research. The high-yield and high-quality traits of our Xinjiang cotton are also what Pakistan seeds need.”
“In addition to the exchange of cotton germplasm, mechanical harvesting and other technologies should also be transferred from China to Pakistan to save this important cotton crop here,” added Irfan.
Chen Quanjia told us that the mechanization rate of cotton plantations in Xinjiang is around 70%, and the rate of mechanization in the northern area of Xinjiang may surpass 90%. Xinjiang's drought-resistant and water-saving technologies are also at the forefront of the world. The majority of cotton fields in Xinjiang adopt drip irrigation and mulching. Pakistan and China can work together to upgrade our overall agricultural technology.”